• BIAS Against Asians, Black People, Hispanics/Latinos, Jews, and Muslims on Twitter

    Author(s):
    Gunther Jikeli (see profile)
    Date:
    2022
    Subject(s):
    Hate speech, Racism, Antisemitism, Asian Americans, Muslims, Black people, Hispanic Americans, Jews
    Item Type:
    Report
    Permanent URL:
    https://doi.org/10.17613/qf2k-vq58
    Abstract:
    Hate speech on social media is a complex issue, challenging to quantify accurately. In an analysis of Twitter conversations (2020-2021) about Asians, Blacks, Jews, Hispanics/Latinos, and Muslims, 6,000 tweets were manually annotated by 4-6 students each. The agreement of annotators revealed 5-17% biased tweets, estimating 9.3 million biased tweets (majority agreement) and 6.1 million (75% agreement). Conversely, 19-54% of tweets called out bias against these groups, estimating 29.2 million tweets (majority agreement) and 17.8 million (75% agreement). Stereotypes varied across categories, portraying Asians as pandemic culprits, Black people as inferior and criminal, Jews as powerful with Holocaust denial, Hispanics/Latinos as illegal invaders, and Muslims collectively blamed for terrorism, often in discussions about Muslims in India.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Online publication    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    3 months ago
    License:
    All-Rights-Granted

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