• Licit Magic - GlobalLit Working Papers 16. Ziya Pasha, Reformist and/or Reactionary? Translations from the Hürriyet & Ḫarābāt

    Kristof D'hulster (see profile)
    Rebecca Ruth Gould, Kayvan Tahmasebian
    Digital Middle East & Islamic Studies, Global Literary Theory, Islamicate Studies, Literary Translation, Ottoman and Turkish Studies
    Literature, Middle Eastern literature, Literary theory, Literary collections, Rhetoric, Poetics
    Item Type:
    Online publication
    GlobalLit, translation, multilingual, Ottoman, Anthology, reform, reactionary
    Permanent URL:
    This working paper presents a full and annotated translation of two titles by 19th-century Ottoman author-cum-statesman Ziya Pasha: (1) a newspaper article written in exile, modern in terms of format and reformist in terms of tenor and providing an staunch and iconoclastic critique of Ottoman language and literature, and (2) the versified preface to his seminal three-language anthology of "Ottoman literature", the Ḫarābāt, traditional in terms of format and conservative or even reactionary in terms of subject matter. Laudable and making sense in their own term, when juxtaposed, these two titles provide a puzzling duality and raise some difficult questions. What is Ottoman language? The deplorable bastard son of the union of Arabic and Persian, or rather a vast ocean of linguistic and literary potential unmatched by any other language? What is Ottoman literature? The blind imitation of hackneyed words and images taken from Arabic and Persian, or rather a festive banquet unprecedented? What is popular literature? The way forward to rid ourselves from blind imitation, or rather not even literature but merely the "braying of donkeys" in the street? And what exactly is Ziya Pasha? A hypocrite iki yüzlü or "Janus-faced" author, or rather a genuine reflection of his era's ikilik ruhu or "spirit of duality"?
    This series is part of a project that has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant agreement No. 759346.) For more working papers of the series, visit https://globallit.hcommons.org/licit-magic-working-papers/. For a presentation of the series, visit https://medium.com/global-literary-theory.
    Last Updated:
    7 months ago
    All Rights Reserved
    Share this:


    Item Name: pdf licit-magic-globallit-working-papers-14-dhulster-ziya-pasa.pdf
      Download View in browser
    Activity: Downloads: 43