• Constantinos Doxiadis and Adriano Olivetti’s urban politics and democracy: Ekistics as condisciplinary science and communities as concrete utopias

    Author(s):
    Marianna Charitonidou (see profile)
    Date:
    2023
    Item Type:
    Abstract
    Permanent URL:
    https://doi.org/10.17613/m3nf-ep77
    Abstract:
    The paper is developed around the following axes: firstly, it focuses on the examination of Constantinos A. Doxiadis and Adriano Olivetti’s respective understanding of democracy; secondly, it presents their respective reconstruction models; thirdly, it analyses their respective stance vis-à-vis centralised and decentralised models of governing; finally, it examines their respective involvement in the European Recovery Program (ERP). The paper sheds light on how Doxiadis and Olivetti contributed to societal transformation, on the one hand, and the formation of national identity within the Greek and Italian post-war context respectively, on the other hand. Important for grasping ERP’s impact on Greece is Doxiadis’s role as undersecretary and director-general of the Ministry of Housing and Reconstruction between 1945 and 1948, as coordinator of the Greek Recovery Programme and as undersecretary of the Ministry of Coordination between 1948 and 1950. Pivotal for understanding the Marshall Plan’s impact on Italy is Olivetti’s role within the study centre of the UNRRA-CASAS housing committee, which was responsible for the development settlement schemes based on the model of the communitarian aggregation. In many cases, renowned architects, who worked outside the agency’s technical staff, were invited to design these settlement schemes. The paper provides a terrain of investigation situated at their intersection with architectural design and urban planning, taking into account the interaction between social history, political history, economic history and transnational studies. The way it is developed aims to provide an understanding of the dominant models of urban planning, during the post-war years, both in Greece and in Italy. The paper places particular emphasis on the role of holism and interdisciplinarity in Doxiadis’s approach, on the concepts of “Ekistics” and “condisciplinary science” in Doxiadis’s thought and practice.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Conference proceeding    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    12 months ago
    License:
    Attribution

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