• Toward a Trans-European Petroleumscape: Architectural and Urban Histories of Designing Automobility

    Author(s):
    Marianna Charitonidou (see profile)
    Date:
    2023
    Item Type:
    Book chapter
    Permanent URL:
    https://doi.org/10.17613/ne2r-cf39
    Abstract:
    The paper examines the role of architects and urban planners in shaping connections between European land-based mobility, cities and landscapes. For over half a century, politicians have promoted transportation and transnational mobility for commodities and individuals by planning and funding the E-road network. This attempt to link the different European nations and overcome their separate plans has reshaped the urban landscape and the territory at large. The paper shows how urban planning and architecture play a key role in implementing new types of mobilities promoting environmental sustainability. At the centre of the paper lie the imaginaries produced by architects and urban planners, and their vision for highways in different national contexts and for their connexions to planned new towns. Taking into account that the EU and its nations aim to overcome regimes of petroleum-based mobility and associated architectures, the paper demonstrates how the land-based transportation of both individuals and commodities in the E-Road network functions as an actor of planetary urbanization, investigating three kinds of nodes within the E-Road network: the nodes encountered on the E-Roads, those to be found at the gates to cities, and the new structures aiming to imitate the urban dimension but proposing a novel articulation of pedestrian and automobile circulation. It aims to relate the expression of the three nodes-typologies in various national contexts – characterised by different European urban planning methods - to overarching approaches in the design of mobility. The paper pays particular attention to the relationship of the emergence of an ensemble of new architectural typologies in the villes nouvelles.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Book chapter    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    1 year ago
    License:
    Attribution

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