• Zwischen Selbstbestimmung und Abhängigkeit . Religiöse Lebensweise und Verhältnis zum Mutterkloster in den sanktblasianischen Frauengemeinschaften Berau, Sitzenkirch und Gutnau

    Johannes Waldschütz (see profile)
    Mass media, History, Monasticism and religious orders, Women's studies
    Item Type:
    Book chapter
    Media history, Monasticism
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    The article focuses on three womens monasteries in late medieval southwestern Germany. Berau, Sitzenkirch and Gutnau were subordinate cells of St. Blasien in the Black Forest, but varied considerably in size and legal status. The article discusses their relations to the monks of St. Blasien and Bürgeln (a cell of St. Blasien) as well as the way of life of the nuns. While Sitzenkirch and Gutnau started distancing themselves from St. Blasien already in the 13th century, Berau gained own rights from the 14th century onwards. This striving for increased independence culminated in a series of conflicts in the 15th century, which led to wide ranging rights gained from St. Blasien. Regarding the way of life Berau and Sitzenkirch were founded as benedictine monasteries with a strict enclosure. During the later 13th century however enclosure became less important with nuns from Berau keeping intensiv contact with the world outside of the monastery. During the 14th and 15th century the abbot of St. Blasien tried to enforce stricter closure several times. Documents and conflicts however show, that the nuns of Berau and Sitzenkirch lived like canonesses ("stiftisch lebende Benediktinerinnen"). Their status as well as their way of life however was negotiated anew several times and was subject to constant change.
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    1 year ago
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