• Aspectos do debate entre realismo socialista e concretismo: a obra de vilanova artigas

    Raphael Grazziano (see profile)
    Architectural History and Theory, Contemporary Art, History of Art, Urban Studies
    Architecture, History, Art, Communism, Abstraction, Architectural design, Socialist realism
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    João Batista Vilanova Artigas, Olga Baeta, Rubens de Mendonça, Concretism, Architectural history, Art history
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    This monograph explores the ambivalent position of Artigas in the political-cultural debate of the Cold War, during the 1950s, when two principal art movements were opposed. On one side, socialist realist tendencies that emerged in post-revolutionary Russia, particularly after the ascension of Stalin, who intended it to be the new art of the proletarian masses, along the lines of culturalpolicies shared by many communist parties. On another side, concretism, already held as a new avant-garde art of geometrical abstraction, attacked by communist militants for its supposed “imperialist” links. To carry out this exploration, we have mapped the architect’s treatment of both currents from two simultaneous fonts. One refers to the writings and classes of Artigas, where it is possible to trace the changes in meaning that each movement underwent throughout his career. The other refers to his projects, where we studied two paradigmatical houses: the Olga Baeta, of 1956; and the Rubens de Mendonça, of 1958. Although the former is usually regarded as “socialist realist” and the latter as “concretist”, analysis of the drawings do not permit any narrow bonds to any of them. Both positions are mixed together in both houses, revealing the cultural impasse in which Artigas was set, present in both the texts and buildings, not only regarding the formal development assigned to each of them, but the link between long-term national and political projects.
    Monograph presented in 2012 as a requirement to achieve the architecture and urbanism undergraduate degree, at the College of Architecture and Urbanism of the University of São Paulo. Supervisor: Luiz Antonio Recamán Barros
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    4 years ago
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