• Christian Prayers and Invocations in Scandinavian Runic Inscriptions from the Viking Age and Middle Ages

    Author(s):
    Kristel Zilmer (see profile)
    Date:
    2013
    Group(s):
    Medieval Studies, Runology
    Subject(s):
    Scandinavian languages, Old Norse, Medieval studies
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    Viking Age, Middle Ages, Scandinavia, Christian runic inscriptions, Latin and vernacular prayers
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/M6ZR8F
    Abstract:
    Previous studies of Christian runic inscriptions have tended to deal with par­tic­ular types of inscription from defined periods of time. This article analyses all the relevant Scandinavian runic material from the Viking Age and the Middle Ages, focusing on textual features and material contexts of inscriptions that use prayers and invocations. Its main aim is to explore the dynamics of what may be termed “the runic prayer tradition” with a view to identifying potentially stable elements of this tradition as well as those that alter over time. Two main categories of prayer and invocation explored are formulations in the vernacular and in Church Latin. The results of the study reveal various possibilities of variation in the runic prayer tradition, but also suggest links and overlaps between the earlier and later vernacular prayers. The evidence further suggests some sort of a division between a monumental (or public) form of discourse in connection with rune-stones, grave monuments and church buildings — which are dominated by vernacular prayers — and that of various loose objects, where Latin prayer formulas seem to be favoured.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal article    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    3 years ago
    License:
    Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives
    Share this:

    Downloads

    Item Name:pdf zilmer-2013.pdf
     Download View in browser
    Activity: Downloads: 155